Reading and Use of English

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Part 1 - Multiple choice cloze

Number of Items: 8 What you do: What it tests: Your awareness and control of grammatical and lexical items.

[Some transformations]

Part 4 - Keyword transformations - Paraphrasing

Number of Items: 6

What you do: Complete a gapped sentence with two to five words, including a keyword so that it has the same meaning as the lead-in sentence. Remember: You CANNOT change the key word in any way. What it tests: Your awareness and control of grammatical and lexical items.

How to do it:

  • Decide what the key word replaces. Remember it could be part of a phrase
  • Read both sentences to check that they mean the same
  • Check the number of words you have written
  • Remember that contractions, e.g. isn't, count as two words


Here you have a Quizlet where you can get some practice

Typical grammatical and lexical aspects tested

  • Sentences changing active to passive forms and vice-versa
  • Sentences with direct speech and reported speech (e.g. “Do you drive?” and “He asked me if I drove”)
  • Sentences with different ways of comparing and contrasting things (e.g. “more… than” and “not as… as”)
  • Sentences with different ways of talking about first times/ new experiences (e.g. “I had never…” and “It was the first time that I had…”)
  • Sentences with different linking words (e.g. “Although” and “Despite”)
  • Unreal Past sentence about something that isn’t true (e.g. “I’m happy that I didn’t go to the party because I don’t enjoy that kind of thing” and “I wouldn’t have enjoyed the party” or “I don’t regret not going to the party”), sometimes including sentences with third conditional 
  • Sentences with different expressions for talking about probability/ speculating (e.g. “I’m sure that he has come” and “He must have come”)
  • Sentences with different determiners in front of the noun (e.g. “too” and “not enough” or “so” and “such”)
  • Sentences with and without a phrasal verb (e.g. “put off” and “delay”/ “postpone”)
  • Sentences with and without other idioms (e.g. “lend me a hand” and “help me”)
  • Different forms of the same word (e.g. “popular” and “popularity”)
  • Two phrases with the same function, e.g. two recommendations sentences, two offers, or two requests
  • Positive sentences and negative sentences that mean the same thing (e.g. “not far from” and “near to”)


As each item in the transformation section is worth 2 marks, you can still get 1 mark if your answer is not fully correct, so, never leave any item blank

Part 5 - Multiple choice

Number of Items: 6

What you do: Choose the best answer from four-option multiple-choice questions

What it tests: Your understanding of a text and opinions expressed in it.

How to do it:

  • Read the questions quickly for general meaning
  • Read the questions first. Do not read the options (A-D) yet.
  • Underline the parts of the text that contain the information you need
  • Read the options and look again at the relevant part of the text. Cross out any options that are clearly wrong.
  • If you can't decide between two options, make an intelligent guess.

Part 6 - Gapped text

Number of Items: 6 (there is an extra gap) What you do: Decide where sentences belong in the text. What it tests: Your understanding of text structure and development.

How to do it:

  • Read the text quickly to get a general idea.
  • Look for grammar and vocabulary links before and after each gap and in the text and in the fragments.
  • Fill the easiest gaps first.
  • Try the extra sentences in each gap again.
  • Read the text again, checking your answers

Part 7 Multiple Matching

Number of items: 10 What you do: Match prompts from a list to elements in a text. What it tests: Your ability to find specific information

How to do it (page 22)

  • Read the whole text once. If there are no section headings, it may help to add your own
  • Read the questions. Answer any that you can immediately and underline the relevant parts of the text. You do not need to read these again.
  • Read each section of the text carefully, looking for answers to all the remaining questions.